A sedentary lifestyle is a common risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including stroke. Physical activity has been shown to help prevent cardiovascular disease among the general population and may improve outcomes for people who already have cardiovascular disease.
What’s more, physical activity may help you temporarily control the urge to sleep in narcolepsy. So it's a win-win!
Plant-based diets—ie, those with limited amounts of animal products—have been associated with lower risk of cardiovascular diseases in the general population. A healthy diet should:
Include plenty of:
- Whole grains
- Fruits and vegetables
- Nuts and legumes
- Dietary fiber
- High unsaturated fat
Limit intake of:
- Saturated fat
- Processed meats
- Added sugars
Consuming too much sodium may increase the risk of high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. Sodium intake is a modifiable risk factor, so you can limit your sodium intake by being aware of how much sodium your diet and medications contain.
Americans generally consume too much sodium—more than 3400 mg a day on average—even though the US Department of Health and Human Services recommends consuming no more than 2300 mg per day. Also, the American Heart Association suggests that 1500 mg per day or less is the ideal target for sodium intake.